Precautions & safety Rules incase of Earthquakes
Safety Rules: The following points should be looked into in order to
minimize damage to life and property due to an earthquake in earthquake prone areas
- Check for earthquake hazards. Bolt down or provide other strong support to gas and power appliances. As much fire damage has resulted from toppled appliances and broken gas lines
- Place large and heavy objects on ground/lower shelves of storage almirahs etc
- Do not stack glass or crystal ware as slight shaking will topple it.
- Overhead lighting fixtures should be properly anchored
- while constructing new buildings, follow buildings modes and other sound practice to eliminate earthquake hazards. Build on solid ground or dig down to bed rock when lying foundations. Avoid filled and sediment areas as much as possible
- Know your local ER/CD set-up.
During an Earthquake
- Remain calm, think through the consequences of any action you plan to take, try to calm and reassure others.
- If indoors watch for falling plaster/brick/stones, light fixtures and other objects.
- Watch for high book cases, shelves and other cabinets which might slide or topple
- Stay away from glass, windows, mirrors and chimneys
- If in danger get under a table, desk or bed in a corner away from the window.
- Encourage others to follow your example and don't run out side.
- If outside avoid high building walls, power poles and other objects that could fall. Do not run through streets. If surround by buildings take shelter in the nearest strong one.
- If possible move to an open area away from hazards.
- If in an automobile, stop in a safe place available, preferably an open area
After an Earthquake:
- Check for injuries, do not attempt to move seriously injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of further injury.
- Check for fires.
- Wear shoes in all areas near debris and broken glass.
- Check utility lines and appliances for damage. Do not use matches/lighters until it has been established that there are no gas leaks.
- Check and see that sewage lines are intact before using / flushing of toilets.
- Draw moderate quantity of water in case service is disrupted. Do not draw large quantity as this would interfere with fire-fighting.
- Do not eat or drink anything from open containers, especially near shattered glass.
- Do not turn light switches on and off. This creates sparks which may ignite gas from broken lines.
- Do not spread rumours, they often do great harm following disasters.
- Respond to request for help from civil defence, fire services, Police and Homeguards
- Do not crowd into damaged areas unless help has been requested, Co-operate with the Public safety officials.
Precautions by Public
There is little danger in open country from the results of a quake, if there is no falling debris in the area. It is probably safer to stay inside a modern building which has been constructed to resist earthquakes damage. Frightened people tend to rush outside during an earthquake, and this probably is the worst thing they can do because they are vulnerable to collapsing walls as well as falling masonry and glass. Inside the building, debris and fixtures will be falling and glass panes breaking. Individuals should follow the under mentioned simple precautions:
a) Switch off the lights and power supply.
b) Move away from glassed windows and doors.
c) Stand behind an inside doorway.
d) Crouch under a desk, table or bench
e) Do not stay inside buildings with a large roof span unsupported by walls.
f) Put off all stoves and gas ovens.
e) Individuals who are outside should move away from the possible range of falling debris, chimneys and overhead water tower/tanks. If they cannot move away from buildings they should get in to the doorways where they can take advantage of overhead protection.